Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Siddhidhatri Devi is The Ninth Form of The Goddess Durga,



Goddess Siddhidatri, the ninth form of Goddess Durga, is worshiped on the ninth day or the Mahanavami. This Goddess can be seen surrounded and worshiped by men, demons, Gods and yakshas (celestial beings). She is the giver of all siddhis (perfection) and ready to bestow happiness on her followers.

Origin and History
It is believed that one side of Lord Shiva’s body is that of Goddess Siddhidatri. Therefore, he is also known by the name of Ardhanarishwar. According to Vedic scriptures, Lord Shiva attained all the siddhis by worshiping this Goddess.According to Hindu Shastras like Markand Puranas, this Goddess helps devotees in attaining perfection in Mahima, Garima, Ladhima, Prapti, Prakaamya, Ishitya and Vashitva. According to Brahmavaivart Purana, the Devi can bestow 18 different types of siddhis or perfections. These siddhis are Mahima, Garima, Ladhima, Prapti, Prakaamya, Ishitva and Vashitva sarvakaamaal, Saadhita, Sarvagynatva, Amaratva, Sarvanyayakatva, Bhavana and Siddhi.  Worshiping Maa Siddhidatri wholeheartedly heart helps devotees attain perfection along with happiness and purity of heart.

Form and Appearance of Goddess Siddhidatri

This four-armed avatar of Devi Siddhidatri clad in a red saree is seen sitting on a lotus flower. She is also seen mounted on a lion. She is depicted holding a Gada (mace) in her upper right hand, a chakra in her lower right hand, a lotus flower in her lower left hand and a conch-shell in her upper left hand. It is said that one can even see a disc of light around her golden crown. This light is believed to instill devotion in the heart of devotees towards the Supreme Power and liberation from karmic bindings. Goddess Siddhidatri bestows occult powers on her worshipers and is therefore revered by beings from all three realms i.e. heaven, hell and earth.

Customs and Rituals
On the ninth day of Navratri, devotees bathe themselves early morning and worship the ‘Navratri Kalash’. All the chapters of ‘Durga Saptashi’ are recited and Mahanavami fast is observed. The devotees please the Goddess by performing puja, hawan and chanting Siddhidatri Pujanmantras. Devotees offer her nine oranges, burn incense, light earthen lamp, offer fragrant flowers, fruits, gems and clothing as a part of the puja ritual.



    The Mantra
Siddh Gandharv Yagyadhair Surair Marairapi
Sevyamana Sada Bhooyaat Siddhida Siddhi Dayanee.


Meaning: “The ways in which all the gods, goddess and divine souls worship you, in the same manner we worship you. Kindly grant your blessings on us.”



    Kanya Puja
Some devotees perform Kanya pujan on this day instead of Ashtami (eighth day). Devotees invite nine young girls to their house and worship them. These girls represent the Navdurga or the nine avatars of Goddess Durga. Devotees ensure that these colorfully dressed girls are seated on pedestals and offer them black chana, puris and halwa. As a part of the ritual, they also present them with money and clothes. They apply tikas and touch their feet to seek their blessings before bidding farewell to them.

Mahagauri is The Eighth Manifestation of Goddess Durga



The eighth day of Navratri or Mahashtmi is considered to be the most important day among the nine days of Navratri. It is on the day of Ashtami that Goddess Durga or Shakti is worshipped in the form of Mahagauri.
Mahagauri means the one who is extremely fair. The Goddess in this form is depicted as having a fair complexion. She wears white clothes, has four arms and rides a bull. Her upper left arm is in the Abhaya mudra or allaying fears, the lower left arm holds a damaru, the upper right arm has a trident and the lower arm is in the pose of granting boon to her devotees.By worshipping the Goddess in her Mahagauri form, a person can get rid of all his/her past sins.

Mahagauri: The White Complexioned Most of us are familiar with the story of the great penance of Goddess Parvati to have Lord Shiva as her husband. During the penance, the Goddess had to endure a lot of hardships like staying in the wild forests, survive on leaves etc. Due to all of these, her complexion turned dark. So, when the Lord accepted Goddess Parvati as his wife, he bathed her with the water from the Ganges which made Parvati's complexion fair, back to normal. Thus, Mahagauri is fair and she is also known as Swetambardhara.



Katyayani or Mahalakshmi is the Sixth Form Amongst Navadurga or The Nine Forms of Hindu Goddess Durga



According to ancient legends, she was born a daughter of Katyayana Rishi, born in the Katya lineage originating from Vishwamitra, thus called Katyayani, "daughter of Katyayana". Elsewhere in texts like Kalika Purana, it is mentioned that it was Rishi Kaytyayana who first worshipped her, hence she came to known as Katyayani. In either case, she is a demonstration or apparition of the Durga and is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri festival.

The Vamana Purana mentions the legend of her creation in great detail: "When the gods had sought Vishnu in their distress, he and at his command Shiva, Brahma and the other gods, emitted such flames from their eyes and countenances that a mountain of effulgence was formed, from which became manifest Katyayini, refulgent as a thousand suns, having three eyes, black hair and eighteen arms. Shiva gave her his trident, Vishnu a Sudarshan Chakra or discus, Varuna a shankha, a conch-shell, Agni a dart, Vayu a bow, Surya a quiver full of arrows, Indra a thunderbolt, Kuvera a mace, Brahma a rosary and water-pot, Kala a shield and sword, Visvakarma a battle-axe and other weapons. Thus armed and adored by the gods, Katyayani proceeded to the Mysore hills. There, the asuras saw her and captivated by her beauty they so described her to Mahishasura, their king, that he was anxious to obtain her. On asking for her hand, she told him she must be won in fight. He came and fought; at length Durga dismounted from her lion, and sprang upon the back of Mahisha, who was in the form of a buffalo and with her tender feet so smote him on the head that he fell to the ground senseless, when she cut off his head with her sword and hence was called Mahishasuramardini, the Slayer of Mahishasura.,the legend also finds mention in Varaha Purana and the classical text of Shaktism, the Devi-Bhagavata Purana.

As per Karveer Mahatmya, Katyayani accompanied goddess VaishnavaDurga(Mahalakshmi) to Karvir (town)(present day Kolhapur) and participated in the war against demon Kolhasur. Raktabeej, an aide of Kolhasur, possessed a power (Siddhi) whereby every drop of his blood spilled on earth would give rise to a demon. Due to this power, Bhairava was finding it impossible to kill Raktabeej. Katyayani swallowed all of Raktabeej's blood without letting it fall on earth. She created an Amrut Kunda(tank of nectar) to rejuvenate Bhairava's soldiers, thus playing a crucial role in the war. Her temple to the South of Kolhapur commemorates this.

The second among the 'Shaktipeeths' is Tulja Bhavani (Parvati) of Tuljapur. It is the family deity of the Bhosale Royal family, the Yadavs and of countless numbers of families belonging to different castes. The founder of the Maratha kingdom, Shivaji Maharaj always visited the temple to seek her blessings. It is believed that the Goddess DurgaBhavani(Katyayani) gave him a sword - 'the Bhawani sword' - for success in his expeditions. The history of the temple has been mentioned in the Skanda Purana.

According to Tantras, she revealed through the North face, which is one six Faces of Shiva. This face is blue in colour and with three eyes and also revealed the Devis, Dakshinakalika, Mahakali, Guhyakah, Smashanakalika, Bhadrakali, Ekajata, Ugratara(fierce Tara), Taritni, Chhinnamasta, Nilasarasvati(Blue Saraswati), Durga, Jayadurga, Navadurga, Vashuli, Dhumavati, Vishalakshi, Parvati, Bagalamukhi, Pratyangira, Matangi, Mahishasuramardini, their rites and Mantras.

Shri Katyayani Devi mandir is a mesmerizing Hindu temple devoted to goddess Katyayani. The temple is situated in Bakor in ta-Khanpur adjacent to Mahisagar district, which is just 3 km far away from Kaleshwari. The goddess Katyayani, which is one of the parts of Navdurga, is deliberated to be the 6th form of goddess Durga. Devotees from all caste and religion are greeted here.The temple has been built in north Indian architecture and is located in Gujarat. The temple is crafted with attractive and polished marbles which are spread over 70 acres consisting of 5 small & large temples divided into three different complexes. The temple complex also has other temples dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Lord Sai, Lord Hanuman and Lord Shiva.The focus of attraction of this temple is the idol figure of Devi Katyayani. It says that one & only idol in the form of stone.

Numerous festivals are celebrated here along with the auspicious festival of Navrati. The 5th day of Navrati is to be the day of arrival of Devi Katyayani. If you are planning to visit Bakor; try your best to visit Devi Katyayani's temple. The goddess Katyayani in Bakor takes the important place in the pre-historical period.

Devi Katyayani, who already resided here and come forward to welcome goddess Katyayani. Goddess DeviKatyayni is having very compassionaterelations. Even now every day during the morning Aarti at Bakor temple Devi Katyayani is supposed to be present every day, When you visit that temple feel the greatness of Devi Katyayani, you get blessed, and full peace of mind.

Skandamata is The Fifth Form of Hindu Goddess Durga.



Navratri, the Indian festival of nine holy nights celebrates the victory of the goddess Shakti over evil. The days fall on the nine auspicious days as per the lunar calendar of Hinduism. The festival is celebrated with an ardent fervour which is rare on any other festival of the country as it is a nine-day long celebratory mood during which people observe fasting. Each day during the nine-day festival is special, with significance that relates to the goddess Durga in her various incarnations.
Day five is dedicated to goddess Skandamata. Lord Kartikeya is known as Lord Skanda and hence goddess Parvati is also known as Skandamata. Day 5 of the Navratri festival is dedicated to Skandamata - mother of Lord Skanda. The goddess rules planet Budha (Jupiter).

Carrying a baby Murugan or Lord Kartikeya, brother of Lord Ganesha, Skandamata mounts on a ferocious lion. The goddess is generally depicted with four hands - carrying lotus in two hands, she is holding baby Murugan in one hand and keeps the other hand in ‘abhaya mudra’.

Devi Puja
The puja of Skandamata is not complete without chanting mantras and offering her bananas. After offering her the fruit, the prasad must be given to a brahman. Since the goddess rules the planet Budha, this puja helps in enhancing your intelligence. You must decorate the pujasthan with flowers and offer the goddess water, rice, sweets and fruits. Do not forget to put a chandan tilak on her forehead. Married women also put sindoor (vermilion) instead of chandan or roli to safeguard their relationship with their husband forever. The favourite flowers of goddess Skandamata are red coloured flowers so you can offer her red roses.

Devi Colour
The complexion of Skandamata is shubhra, which means bright and radiant. This day's colour has a very beautiful significance as it reacts to a powerful vulnerability of the mother when it comes to her child. Just like the colour grey, she can turn into thunderstorm whenever any harm comes near her child. Skanda mata is the mother of Karthikeya, also known as Skanda. She carried him in her womb when she was chosen as the commander by the gods in their fight against evil, the demons.

Goddess Kushmanda



According to the sequence of the worship of Navadurgas during Navratri, the presiding deity of the fourth day is Devi Kushmanda. The fourth manifestation of Goddess Durga, Devi Kushmanda is worshipped on the fourth day of Navratri.
The name Kushmanda is a combination of two words - Ku and Ushmanda. Here 'Ku' means little and Ushmanda means beautiful. It basically means the one who created this universe as a 'beautiful little place'. It is believed that when the universe did not exist, there was complete darkness everywhere. Then the Goddess smiled and the darkness was eliminated. Therefore, Devi Kushmanda is believed to have created this universe with her divine smile.

Origin Of Goddess Kushmanda According to the Durga Saptashati, Goddess Kushmanda is the one who controls the functioning of the solar system. The core of the Sun is believed to be the residence of Goddess Kushmanda. She is the one who provides the energy to the Sun to shine and emit light. Goddess Kushmanda is depicted as an eight-armed Goddess. In seven of her hands she holds a kamandalu, bow, arrow, lotus, a jar of nectar, mace and a discus. With the eighth hand, she holds a rosary which has all the eight Siddhis and nine Niddhis. She rides a lion which represents 'Dharma'.

The eight sidhis are: Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamya, Isitva and Vasitva. Similarly the nine nidhis are Mahapadma, Padma, Shankh, Makar, Kachchhapa, Mukunda, Kunda, Nila and Kharva.

It is believed that if one worships Devi Kushmanda on the fourth day of Navratri, he/she is blessed with good health, prosperity, fame and strength. The puja begins with worshipping the Kalash. All the other Gods and Goddesses are invited to the Kalash. Then chanting of the mantra for the Devi starts. The Goddess also loves the sacrifice of a pumpkin. Hence, one can sacrifice a pumpkin before the Goddess. The mantra chanted for Devi Kushmanda is given below: "Surasampurnakalasham Rudhiraplutmeva Cha | Dadhana Hastpadhyabhayam Kushmanda Shubhdastu Me" So, worship Goddess Kushmanda today and get blessed with inner strength, good health and prosperity.








Sunday, April 1, 2018

Maa Chandraghanta


Maa Chandraghanta is the third manifestation of Devi Durga and is worshipped on the 3rd of Navratri. Since she has a Chandra or half moon, in the shape of a Ghanta (bell), on her forehead, she is addressed as Chandraghanta. A symbol of peace, serenity and prosperity, Maa Chandraghanta has three eyes and ten hands holding ten types of swords, weapons and arrows.
She establishes justice and gives Her devotees the courage and strength to fight challenges.Her appearance may be of a source of power which is always busy killing and suppressing the bad and wicked. However, for her devotees, Maa is serene, gentle and peaceful. By worshipping Maa Chrandraghanta, you will open the doors to great respect, fame and glory. Maa also helps you attain spiritual enlightenment. Her idol, which symbolises both beauty and bravery, gives you the strength the keep the negative energy away and repels all the troubles from your life.

You need to follow simple rituals to worship Goddess Chandraghanta. You should first worship all the Gods, Goddesses and Planets in the Kalash and then offer prayer to Lord Ganesha and Kartikeya and Goddess Saraswati, Lakshmi, Vijaya, Jaya - the family members of Goddess Durga. The pooja should be concluded by worshipping Goddess Chandraghanta followed by a heartfelt prayer to Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma.

Chant this mantra to worship Maa \tChandraghanta...


                                    Piṇḍaja pravarāruṛhā caṇḍakōpāstra kairyutā |
                                   prasādaṁ tanutē mahyaṁ candra ghanṣṭēti viśrutā ||


Navratri is a special occasion. A time for new beginnings and offering your dedication and reverence to the Goddess Shakti. This Navratri, bring home and institute a Meru Prusth Shree Yantra - a beautiful, divine symbol of the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi herself.

Goddess Brahmacharini



The second day of Navratri is observed in the Dwitya tithi and worships Goddess Brahmacharini(The 2nd form of NavDurga). She gives eternal bliss by knowledge of Supreme Self (God). Goddess Brahmacharini is also known as Tapascharini, Aparna and Uma.

About Goddess Brahmacharini
Goddess Parvati took birth at the home of Daksha Prajapati in the form ofthe great Sati. Her unmarried form is worshipped as Goddess Brahmacharini. She is signified as the lady who practiced the toughest penance and hard austerity due to which she is named Brahmacharni. Hibiscus and lotus flowers are used to garland the Goddess. The deity of the Goddess holds a mala in her right hand and kamandal in her left. She is always represented bare footed.

Legend
According to different versions of her myths, maiden Parvati resolves to marry Shiva. Her parents learn of her desire, discourage her, but she pursues what she wants and did Tap for about 5000 years. In mean time Gods approached god Kamadeva - the Hindu god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection and asks him to generate desire in Shiva for Parvati. They did this because of an asura named Tarkasur who gained the boon of being killed by only Lord Shiva's child. Kama reaches Shiva and shoots an arrow of desire.[9] Shiva opens his third eye in his forehead and burns the cupid Kama to ashes. Parvati does not lose her hope or her resolve to win over Shiva. She begins to live in mountains like Shiva, engage in the same activities as Shiva, one of asceticism, yogin and tapas - it is this aspect of Parvati that is deemed to be that of goddess Brahmacharini. Her ascetic pursuit draws the attention of Shiva and awakens his interest. He meets her in disguised form, tries to discourage her, telling her Shiva's weaknesses and personality problems. Parvati refuses to listen and insists in her resolve. Shiva finally accepts her and they get married.

Maa Brahmacharini Aarti & Mantra

ya devee sarvabhoo‍teshu brahmachaarinee roopen sansthita.
namastasyai namastasyai namastasyai namo nam:
dadhaana karapadmaabhyaamakshamaalaakamandaloo.
devee praseedatu mayi brahmachaarinyanuttama.

Goddess Shailaputri is Worshiped on First Day of Navratri



Nine days of the Navratri represent nine different avatars of Goddess Durga. All these forms are revered with equal fervour. The embodiment of all things powerful, sublime and energetic, each avatar of Goddess Durga has something to learn from. First and the most prominent being, Goddess Shailaputri.
Shailaputri is the first form amongst Navadurga or the nine forms and is worshipped on the first day during the Navratri celebrations. Also known as Sati, Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, Goddess Shailaputri is considered the absolute form of Mother Nature. In some cultures, she is also known as Goddess Parvati, wife of Lord Shiva, the mother of Ganesha and Kartikeya. The Goddess is depicted having a half moon on her forehead, holding a trident in her right hand and a lotus in her left while riding Nandi, the bull.

Born as the daughter of Himalaya and first, among the Navdurgas, Shailaputri literally means daughter (putri) of the mountain (shaila). According to the mythology, Shailaputri was born in the house of the King of Mountains, Himalayas and was thus known as “Shailaputri”.

In some scriptures like Shiva Purana & Devi-Bhagavata Purana the story of Mother Goddess is written as follow: In her earlier birth, she was born the daughter of Daksha as Sati and was the consort of Lord Shiva. Once Daksha organized a big Yagna and did not invite Shiva. Sati however, being obstinate, reached there, upon which Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati being a devoted wife could not tolerate the insult of her husband and burnt herself in the fire of Yagna. In the next birth, she was born the daughter of Himalaya by the name of Parvati and was again married to Shiva.

As per Upanishad, she reduced the egotism of Indra and the other Devtas. Being ashamed, they bowed and prayed that, “In fact, thou are Shakti, we all – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are capable of getting Shakti from you.” Thus, Shailaputri is considered the manifestation, of the power of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.

Devi Shailaputri has been considered the embodiment of patience and upon awakening begins her journey from her father to her husband from the Muladhara Chakra or the root chakra which in yogic terms is said to be the base from which the three main psychic channels emerge. Muladhara is considered the foundation of the “energy body” or the “Shakti”. The ultimate search for her husband requires patience and devotion which Devi Shailaputri exemplifies. In Navratri pooja, the first day is dedicated to Yogi’s keeping their mind concentrated on Muladhara to generate energy. This is the starting point of their spiritual discipline. They start their sadhana from here. “Shailaputri” is thus the Muladhara Shakti to be realized within self and is sought for higher depths in the yogic meditation.

Shakti is an important manifestation of the human body. According to the Art of Living, “When the mind is wavering, chanting the name of this Devi Shailaputi helps the mind to be centred and committed. It gives us strength, courage, and composure.”
From love and devotion to stability, this avatar of Durga is the flag bearer of several elements.

 
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